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农业资源
2014-07-18 17:02:18  来源:中国台州网  

    以国家级现代农业示范区建设为抓手,全面提升传统农业,培育农业四大特色产业链即以棉花为核心的棉纺织产业链、以红枣为核心的特色果业产业链、以乳制品为核心的养殖产业链、以食品为核心的冷储运销产业链,打造四个全国有影响的基地即国家级农业产业化示范基地、国家级节水灌溉示范基地、国家级优质棉花种植加工基地、国家级优质红枣产业基地,加快实现农业现代化进程,把师市建设成为全国最大的棉花产业化示范区、现代农业示范区、农业高新技术集成区。

    Agricultural Resources:

    Relying on the construction of State-level Modernized Agricultural Demonstration Zone, they aim to fully promote traditional agriculture by cultivating four main characteristic industry chains, namely cotton manufacturing industry chain with cotton as focus, characteristic fruit industry chain with Chinese date as focus, cultivation industry chain giving priority to diary produce and cooling storage, transportation and distribution industry chain that takes foodstuff as focus. Meanwhile, they also make effort to constructing four influential bases in the country, which include State-level Modernized Agricultural Demonstration Base, State-level Water-saving Irrigation Demonstration Base, State-level Fine Quality Cotton Planting and Processing Base and State-level Top Grade Chinese date Industrial Base, so as to accelerate the process of modernized agriculture and built the city into the largest cotton industry demonstration zone, modernized agriculture zone and agriculture Hi-tech integration zone in the country.


    棉花:师市党委以阿拉尔垦区国家级农业科技园区和国家级现代农业示范区建设为抓手,大力实施“创新引领”战略,提升农业现代化水平,集中发展180万亩国家级优质商品棉、高等级专用棉基地、国家级长绒棉育种中心和现代植棉技术集成示范区, 是南疆最大的高新节水灌溉基地、机采棉推广示范基地,年产皮棉约占全国总产的5%;。实现棉花机采面积120万亩,农业综合机械化水平达到95%以上,皮棉总产32万吨。

    Cotton:

    Relying on the construction of State-level Agricultural Science and Technology Park and State-level Modernized Agricultural Demonstration Zone, the Municipal Party Committee of the Division urges “innovating and pioneering” strategy into vigorous implementation, aiming to upgrade the level of agriculture modernization and focus on developing state-level cotton base of 1.8 million Mu for the production of top quality cotton goods and high class cotton for exclusive purpose, state-level long stapled cotton breeding center and technology integrating demonstration zone for modern cotton cultivating. As the largest High-tech water-saving irrigation base and promotion and demonstration base for machine-harvested cotton in south Xinjiang district, they produces ginned cotton accounting for 5% of the country annually, with machine-harvest cotton coverage up to 1.2 million Mu and comprehensive mechanization in agriculture arriving at 95%, ginned cotton output totaling 320 thousand tons.


    林果业:一师阿拉尔市地处塔里木盆地、塔克拉玛干沙漠北缘、塔里木河的源头。受天山和塔克拉玛干沙漠的影响,这里日照时间长、昼夜温差大,气候宜人,所有农作物全由冰川融水灌溉。所生产的苹果、香梨、核桃、红枣等果品在天山雪水的灌溉下以色艳味美、皮薄汁多、果味浓芬,风味独特及耐储运而享誉疆内外。

    Forest and Fruit Industry:

    Located in Tarim Basin, north rim of Taklimakan desert and source of Tarim River, Alaer City is largely influenced by Mount Tianshan and Taklimakan desert. With long sunshine duration, large difference between day and night and pleasant climate, all crops are irrigated with melt glacier water. Apples, pears, walnut, Chinese dates, and such fruits, irrigated with snow water from Mount Tianshan, enjoy good fame for gorgeous color and good flavor, thin peel, juicy and fruity taste, and durable storage and transportation stability.

    2013年,全师市特色经济林总面积达96万亩,果品总产71万吨。其中:红枣67万亩,产量41万吨;核桃8万亩,产量0.7万吨;香梨9万亩,产量14万吨;苹果9万亩,产量14万吨;杏2.6万亩,产量0.5万吨。逐步形成了五大特色果品基地:以阿拉尔垦区为主的优质红枣基地和香梨基地;以三团为主的薄皮核桃基地;以五团、六团为主的优质红富士基地;以四团树上干杏及其它果品为主的特色林果基地。按照区域化布局、产业化经营的要求,实现了品种资源的优势互补。

    In 2013, characteristic forest totaled 960 thousand Mu in acreage in the city, with fruit output of 710 thousand tons, which included Chinese date of 670 thousand Mu with output of 410 thousand tons, walnut of 80 thousand Mu with output of 7 thousand tons, pear of 90 thousand Mu with output of 140 thousand tons, apples of 90 thousand Mu with output of 140 thousand tons, apricot of 26 thousand Mu with output of 5 thousand tons. Five major characteristic fruit bases have taken shape gradually, which consisted of top quality Chinese date base and pear base in Alaer Reclamation Area, thin-skinned walnut base in 3rd Division, top class Fuji Apple Base in 5th Division and 6th Division, as well as featured forest and fruit base in 4th Division that took apricot and other fruits as primary products. By following the requirement of regional arrangement and industrialized operation, they have achieved complementary advantages in species resources.

    2002年,“绿岛”牌香梨获得绿色食品认证;2005年“大漠”牌红枣获“中国市场放心消费食品“称号;2006年“天山玉”牌苹果获得绿色食品A级产品认证;2007年,在第五届全国干果生产与科研进展学术研讨会暨首届“中国枣园”发展高层论坛和果品推介会上,一师阿拉尔市参展果品,获得了两金一银两铜;2008年9月在中国首届红枣大会上,“大漠”牌灰枣获得了金奖;“金昌一号”获得银奖,在中国首届核桃大会上“大漠绿岛”牌核桃“温185”获得金奖。目前,师市5万亩果园获得了有机转换产品认证证书。依靠优良的品质,一师阿拉尔市盛产的水果,迅速成为了水果王国中的宠儿。

    “Green Island” brand pear acquired green food authentication in 2002; “Grand Desert” brand Chinese date was awarded “Assured Food in Chinese Market” in 2005; “Tianshan Jade” brand apple acquired A-level green food authentication in 2006. In 2007, fruits produced in Alaer City was awarded two gold, one silver and two bronze prizes on Dried Fruit Production and Scientific Research Progress Seminar and the exhibition of 1st “China Date Garden” High-level Developing Forum and Fruit Commend Conference. In September 2008, “Grand Desert” brand grey date was awarded gold prize while “No. 1 Jinchang” brand date was awarded silver pirze on 1st Date Conference of China. On the 1st Walnut Conference, “Grand Desert” and “Green Island” walnuts were awarded gold prizes. Till now, the fruit garden of 50 thousand Mu in Division No.1 has acquired authentication certificate for organic conversion products. Relying on fine quality, fruits produced in Alaer City has rapidly turned to be favorite in the kingdom of fruits.


    畜牧业:以肉羊、肉牛、乳业、养猪产业化发展为突破口和抓手,积极推进畜禽标准化规模化养殖,强化饲草料基地建设,以“龙头企业+畜牧专业合作社+农户”的畜牧业经营发展思路,培育畜牧业新型经营主体,有效促进了师市畜牧业规模化养殖、标准化生产、集约化管理、产业化经营,师市畜牧业步入了快速发展轨道。2013年全师牲畜存栏62.01万只(头)。其中:牛存栏4.01万头(其中奶牛2.25万头),羊存栏44.3万只,生猪存栏13.7万头。肉类总产3.66万吨,产奶7.2万吨。年内饲草料种植面积6.28万亩。其中:青贮玉米4.6万亩,苜蓿种植面积1.68万亩。通过调查研究引入适合我师地理气候条件的优良多胎肉用牲畜品种,有纯种刀郎羊、美利奴、多胎萨福克羊、小尾寒羊、托佩克种猪、藏香猪等。

    Stock Raising Industry:

    Relying on breakthrough of industrialized development of mutton sheep, beef cattle, dairy industry and pig raising, we are active in promoting standardized livestock raising on large scales and strengthening the construction of fodder grass base by following the managing and developing ideas of combining leading enterprises with specialized cooperatives and farmers. By cultivating new type business entity of stock farming and stimulating large scale farming, standardized production, intensive management and industrialized operation of stock raising industry, we are stepping into rapid development in this industry. In 2013, there were 620100 domestic animals, including 40100 cattle (22500 milch cows included), 443000 sheep and 137000 pigs on hand. The overall meat output totaled 36.6 thousand tons while milk production amounted to 72 thousand tons. Fodder grass planting area covered 62.8 thousand Mu within the year, which consisted of silage corn of 46 thousand Mu and alfalfa of 16.8 thousand Mu. According to research and investigation, polytocous animals for table purpose are the most appropriate to be introduced to the city, based on the geographic and climatic conditions of our city, which include full blood Dolan, Merino, polytocous Suffolk, small tailed Sheep, Topigs, Tibetan pig, etc.

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